Using psake for Private and Integrated Builds

Build Reusable Functions – these are some of the basic powershell functions we need to build, so that use them later in the process. Properties and parameters to psake can be a bit confusing. Thepsake documentationexplains it pretty well, and thisgisthas examples of the various combinations. The following list are the basic steps to get building with psake. This functionality was working perfectly fine and then suddenly stopped working. No changes were made to project files or VS Code besides monthly updates.

This has led ops guys and gals to adapt their existing knowledge to software development concepts. It is comprised of multipletaskfunction calls that are passed ScriptBlocks of code you want to execute for each step of the build process. To avoid making this file long and noisy, you can create functions in separate files and dot-source them into this one. You can install psake by adding the psake NuGet package to a project in your solution. Otherwise the psake GitHub site has directions for installing it. Note that to run unsigned PowerShell scripts locally, you should issue the following command from an Administrative PowerShell prompt.

PsInfo, a command-line tool that is part of the Sysinternals suite, gets key information about Windows systems, such as… Get many of our tutorials packaged as an ATA Guidebook. PostAction – A script block to run right after the task has completed with success. PreAction – A script block to run prior to the task. Time summary with the duration of each task, plus the total duration of the whole script. Extract the Learn from the Best zip file downloaded from GitHub.

  • Psake has many other functions that I encourage you to look over as well.
  • Properties and parameters to psake can be a bit confusing.
  • When you then invoke the PSake file with Invoke-PSake, you would then see the following output.
  • You can use all the features of PowerShell and the .NET Framework within your build.
  • For example, maybe you have a Pester test to confirm the SQL setup ZIP file exists in a folder after you run the DownloadSql task.

At this stage, you’re not actually building the code to do anything; you’re simply scaffolding out the tasks and creating the PSake file. You’ll notice the Write-Host references in the tasks below; you’ll be adding to the tasks later. But now you’ve got a disorganized mess of scripts and modules with a hodgepodge of manual script executions, scheduled tasks, and more. It’s time to bring some order to the chaos and implement the automation orchestration engine known as PowerShell PSake.

Using psake for Private and Integrated Builds

#r directive can be used in F# Interactive, C# scripting and .NET Interactive. Copy this into the interactive tool or source code of the script to reference the package. # Helper script for those who want to run psake without importing the module. Wherever you can invoke a PowerShell script, you can invoke a PSake file. If you’re building infrastructure tests with Pester, you can invoke PSake within tests. If used, any errors that may occur during the task runtime will not cause the whole script to break.

To make sure you have all dependencies installed , you can wrap psake with a simple script to install such modules. This is helpful when running in an Azure DevOps pipeline that’s on a hosted machine since it may not have what you need to run the build. The script below is a sample that installs psake, SQL Change Automation, and VsSetup then callInvoke-psakewith parameters. Also check out the psake-contrib project for scripts, modules and functions to help you with a build.


When I try to build using I am getting an error when the build is invoked using Invoke-PSake. Share your experiences with the package, or extra configuration or gotchas that you’ve found. Tell us what you love about the package or psake, or tell us what needs improvement.

6 Best Frontend Development Courses for Beginners uses VSSetup to locate msbuild when using Visual Studio 2017. The VSSetup PowerShell module must be installed prior to compiling a VS2017 project with psake. Install instructions for VSSetup can be found here and here. Configure-build.ps1 – this script is called first, which configures the dependencies. In another blog post we looked atCake, which is the C# cousin of psake. You’ll see that at its heart, psake is just a task management engine made for software builds.

Using the InstallSqlDriveD task from the example above as a starting point, perhaps you have an additional request for the installation. You now have a PSake file that contains a set of tasks. At this point, you can run all of the tasks at once or choose to only execute some of them with the Invoke-PSake command. Each task should have its own unique name and ideally should perform a single atomic operation like a PowerShell function.

Psake is a build automation tool written in PowerShell. Create a script named psakefile.ps1 with a single task. At a minimum, a task should have a name and an action block.

External links

I’m executing the default.ps1 build script below. css Match all elements having class name starting with a specific string is a domain-specific language and build automation tool written in PowerShell to create builds using a dependency pattern similar to Rake or MSBuild. It intends to simplify the build language as compared to MSBuild scripting.


Psake has many other functions that I encourage you to look over as well. Get a list of all available functions with Get-Command -Module psake. There are no supported framework assets in this package. For projects that support PackageReference, copy this XML node into the project file to reference the package. This command is intended to be used within the Package Manager Console in Visual Studio, as it uses the NuGet module’s version of Install-Package. Import the file into psakefile.ps1 using the Include Function.

Step 1: Review Your Packages

Each Task is a function that can define dependencies on other Task functions. The code you produce with PSake becomes more readable, maintainable, and easier to test. After some practice you will find that dividing your steps to different tasks makes them easier to script. The small amount of extra work it takes pays back big time in the medium and long terms. At some point, your PSake file will probably grow exponentially especially if you need to orchestrate large automation tasks. To ensure you can manage all of those tasks, you should focus on modularization or splitting tasks up to make things easier to manage.

Since any task can be executed when invoking psake, make sure that each one has appropriate dependencies. For exampleTestdepends onCompilethat in turn depends onInit. If no task is specified forInvoke-psake, one nameddefaultwill be executed. Each task can have multiple dependent tasks that will run before it. Here are high-level tasks that just have dependencies and don’t have a ScriptBlock themselves.

Add this to a PowerShell script or use a Batch script with tools and in places where you are calling directly to Chocolatey. If you are integrating, keep in mind enhanced exit codes. Your use of the packages on this site means you understand they are not supported or guaranteed in any way. For Hacktoberfest, Chocolatey ran a livestream every Tuesday! Re-watch Cory, James, Gary, and Rain as they share knowledge on how to contribute to open-source projects such as Chocolatey CLI. We recently released our largest update to Chocolatey Central Management so far.

Deployment Method: Individual Install, Upgrade, & Uninstall

Managing the build for a software project has a lot in common with a child trying to tell a lie. The build and the lie both start as deceptively simple things, but over time missing details are added that demand more scrutiny. As the build expands to sustain itself, the likelihood of a catastrophic failure increases significantly. For both the build master and the child, the consequences of such a failure can be severe. In addition, Get-Help provides help content for all of the other functions inside the psake module.

Community Packages Search the largest online registry of Windows packages. If you’re just fiddling around with psake, you can do this on your local workstation. Otherwise, you’ll probably install it on a build server. After installation, you can kick the tires a bit by checking out the examples inside the module directory.

PowerShell folks can run the PowerShell scripts directly. If you have devs that may have trouble with that, you can create a .bat file that launches PowerShell.exe like this, which they can double click from explorer. Each of these tasks is defined inside of a single pssakefile.ps1 script. If you anticipate adding more many more tasks over time, you should split those tasks up into separate files with each task inside e.g. ValidateDiskSpace.ps1, DownloadSql.ps1, InstallSqlDriveD.ps1, InstallSqlDriveD.ps1, etc.